Illegal Fishing. Draw diagrams to show how the following methods of fishing are carried out. Kenya’s 2017 overall GDP growth is projected at 6.4%. 5 mks 10. (a) State the significance of fishing to the economy of Kenya. “The current challenges facing the lake include safety and security, and we are confident that the Kenya Coast Guards and KMA officers will fully address this,” he said. (a) Define: (i) Management of fisheries. Poaching is threatening wildlife conservation in Africa. Problems Facing Watershed Management. 16. In 2006, almost 75 percent of working Kenyans made their living by farming, compared with 80 percent in 1980. The Kenya Wildlife Service in the 21st Century Volume 29 • Number 1 (2012) 47 Threats to MPAS in Kenya There are numerous resource management and environmental challenges facing MPAs in Kenya. Uganda has this "barbaric" culture of passing laws to solve all problems. Animal poaching. 5 mks (ii) Identify the solutions in b(i) above. The result is the isolation of low income population who form the majority. A study of fishing villages on Lake Victoria in Kenya reported bed nets being used for fishing and drying fish, with reasons given that the nets were inexpensive or … US$ 4-16) depending on where it is sold. Traditional knowledge: the challenges facing international lawmakers. READ ALSO: List of challenges facing devolution in Kenya. Overexploitation will add to these problems, as well as decrease the biodiversity in the country. List any four requirements for fish farming. d) Long line fishing. Since then, the Big 4 has been the cornerstone of the government, featuring in the budget since then. Many of these vessels are believed to be exploiting Africa’s fisheries illegally. In highlighting some of the key areas of concern, the report paints a clear picture of the precarious state in which we find ourselves. ... Poor Fishing Methods – While fishing is beneficial for trade, food, and economic growth, it is a potential challenge for watershed management. a) Trawling. The weed, which has choked a large area in the southern part of the lake, has made fishing difficult. It is so when poor methods of fishing are used. (10/12/2011) Paula Kahumbu, National Geographic Emerging Explorer and Executive Director of WildlifeDirect, speaks on the problems facing conservation in Kenya … Laws are being passed every single day yet the ones present are neither effective nor implementable. Lake Victoria covers more than 68,800 square km and is the lifeblood for the people of Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda who rely on its waters to service its huge fishing industry. Economic exclusion; financial systems that perpetuate their discrimination; limited participation in political and public life; lack of access to education and poor retention of girls in schools; gender-based violence; harmful cultural practices, and exclusion of women from peace tables, are the major standing barriers to achieving gender equality in Africa. Other researchers, however, have determined that fish farming presents new, negative environmental impacts on surrounding wild fish populations. The agenda was introduced to the Kenyan public during the 2017 Jamhuri celebrations by the president, as his government’s plan for fulfilling the promises made during the campaign period. Fishing has been an important source of livelihood for many Kenyans for many years. As fish species become more depleted and demand for product rises, there have been increases in illegal fishing. This has led to nothing but a big country full of laws but lawlessness. Kenya’s housing development situation has been skewed in favour of high income earners as most developers and housing financiers always target high income population because of the perception that they can rent houses or take up mortgages and repay comfortably. Major problems facing Tanzania today Tanzania, a country in East Africa, is known for; Mount Kilimanjaro, wildebeests crossing the Serengeti into Kenya and back, the Maasai community (also in Kenya), nice cuisine with traditional spices, white sand beaches and the Zanzibar island. It has become quite important in terms of value, and a kg costs 300-1 200 Kenyan shillings or Kshs (i.e. The rainbow trout was introduced in Kenya during colonial rule mainly for sport fishing. This article is based on the keynote address by Dr. Ouma at the WIPO Seminar on Intellectual Property and Traditional Knowledge in Geneva, Switzerland, in November 2016.. Local and indigenous communities have used traditional knowledge … Additionally, some experts have suggested that fish farming could be a viable solution to the problems caused by the wild-caught fishing industry. 5. These challenges are now top … Challenges Facing the Manufacturing Industry and Taking the First Steps toward the Revitalization of Manufacturing President Barack Obama has a plan to revive U.S. manufacturing, the anchor of the economic blueprint he sketched out during his State of the … 9. The mining industry comes with its fair share of challenges; from scarce resources to uncertainty around commodity prices, miners are always looking at ways to overcome barriers to stay competitive. Elephant (Loxodonta africana) and rhino (Ceratotherium simum and Diceros bicornis) populations have … By Dr. Marisella Ouma, Intellectual Property Consultant, Kenya. February 2017. A study in western Kenya found that 30% of bed net recipients did not adhere to net use [27, 28]. Below we explore 5 challenges currently facing … c) Purse seining. Five common challenges facing the mining industry. 5 mks (b) (i) Describe the problems facing fishing in Kenya. 15. This takes many forms, including: keeping undersized fish, fishing in territories without permission, catching fish off-season, failing to record catch information, and using illegal procedures. Migingo Island, where Kennedy and Charles Omondi reside, is a microcosm of the problems facing Lake Victoria. This positive growth projection is based on a number of assumptions, including increased rainfall and enhanced agricultural production, continued low oil prices, and reforms in governance and justice. The World Bank support includes Somalia, Comoros, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Tanzania, South Africa, Mauritius and Seychelles, as well as Yemen and the Maldives. The pace of technological improvement is running at an exponentially increasing rate. List examples of horticultural crops grown in Kenya in the table below. Turkana's remoteness, cut off from the rest of Kenya by poor roads, few telephones and little electricity, makes it a difficult place to sustain a fishing business. Water quality will continue to decrease from farming and soil erosion. Another major problem facing Uganda today is the problem of "let's pass new laws". Reduced demand for horticultural products- particularly in Europe has seen exports plummet by 7.4 percent in the first half of 2009, according to the Central Bank of Kenya estimates. 1. Name any four problems facing Ahero irrigation scheme. Offenses include fishing without a license, fishing in protected areas, using banned fishing gear that is destructive to the fisheries sector, catching beyond limits, or catching protected species. b) Drifting. It is one of the oldest occupations of mankind. Despite importing fish, Kenya’s per capita fish consumption of 3.7kg per year remains well below the 20kgs recommended by World Health Organisation. This paper reviews the present state of reef fishing activities in Kenya and the tropics using the driver–pressure–state–impacts–response (DPSIR) framework. Water-quality in Kenya has problems in lakes, (including water hyacinth infestation in Lake Victoria), have contributed to a substantial decline in fishing output and endangered fish species. According to fishermen at Kampi ya Moto centre, they now have a limited area for fishing. 5. The problems to be solved are to understand the meaning of regulation and government policy in your industry, its implications for your business, and to develop the skills necessary to deal with it. The main concerns are the loss of biodiversity through habitat degradation, overex-ploitation, and … 6 mks 11. T housands of foreign fishing vessels ply African waters every year seeking to tap the continent’s rich fish stocks. Draw a table showing the similarities and differences between fishing in Kenya and Japan. An African elephant in Amboseli National Park, Kenya. Kenya’s 2016 second quarter growth was supported by agriculture, forestry and fishing, … In Kenya, both gender have been involved in this industry while performing different roles such as fish production by the male … Mining. 15–17 percent of Kenya's total land area has sufficient fertility and rainfall to be farmed, and 7–8 percent can be classified as first-class land. 17. 14. Kenya’s growth and SME prospects. Technology. Fishing industry is set for growth after years of neglect and near collapse. Given the already serious environmental problems in Kenya, a higher population will make these problems devastating. Agriculture in Kenya dominates Kenya's economy. 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